'Moroccan youth were amongst the first in the MENA (Middle East and North Africa) region to build a rap scene. As this scene has grown and evolved, so has its relationship with the Makhzen, that is, the Moroccan ruling elite. Recently, some Moroccan rappers have even been accused of co-option and of being puppets of the Makhzen. This analysis considers the complexities of the rappers’ role in Morocco. It argues that these young people’s actions can be understood in ways that challenge the essentialized ways of viewing African and Middle Eastern youth as constantly living in social, political and cultural turmoil. The paper analyses the Moroccan rap scene as an arena in which rappers have constructed shared social and cultural spaces, and in which youth is able to gain agency and power, thereby expressing their own individual ideologies through their art" : https://tinyurl.com/y42ta6b7